Excellent tools made of bronze (an alloy of copper and tin) have been discovered. Indus Valley Civilization; No. It flourished from around 2500 BC to 1750 BC. The Indus Valley Civilization in India happened between 5,000 BCE and 1,500 BCE in north-western part of the country. The Indus Valley Civilization is also known as the Harappan Civilization, after Harappa, the first of its sites to be excavated in the 1920s, in what was then the Punjab province of British India, and now is Pakistan. [13] Iron and Silver. indus Valley Civilization Belongs to Which Age. It is part of the Indus Valley Tradition, which also includes the pre-Harappan occupation of Mehrgarh, the earliest farming site of the Indus Valley. Mohenjo Daro sat beneath the soil for thousands of years, a preserved relic of the ancient Indus Valley civilization. This indicates that Indus Valley Civilization was the most extensive among all other ancient civilizations. Origin. Art of Indus Valley Civilization • The Harappan Civilization belongs to the Bronze Age. [5] Mehrgarh is a Neolithic site whereas Indus Valley Civilization belongs to Chalcolithic age/Bronze age. Civilization is belongs to Bronze Age (Chalcolithic Age).. 2. 9)At which among the following sites of Indus Valley Civilization, the rows of distinctive fire altars with the provision of ritual bathing have been found . [5] [5], Many historians proposed different dates about the period of Indus Valley Civilization but the generally accepted period was 2300-1750 B.C. Statues and figurines of a young bull, a stout watchdog, a shawl-wearing yogi, a dancing girl and a male dancer have been found at different sites of the Indus Valley Civilizaton. Ans. Full text of "Prehistoric Civilization Of The Indus Valley", Indus Valley Civilization, Mohenjo Daro, Harappan Culture - Crystalinks, Indian History for UPSC: INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION, Rise of the Indus Valley: Ancient and Early Medieval India, Indus Valley Civilization - New World Encyclopedia, Indus Valley Civilisation: Origin, Evolution and Characteristics, Early Indus Valley Civilizations | Boundless Art History, EducationInfoPro: INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION, The Harappan Civilization and Myth of Aryan "Invasion" | Archaeology Online, The Religion of the Indus Valley Civilization, Date (Age,Timeline) of Indus Valley Civilization (Harappan Civilization) - Important India, The Indus Valley Civilization -Harappa, Mohenjo Daro,Lothal,Rupar, Indus Valley Civilisation- Indus Valley, Harappan Civilization, Harappa Culture, Ancient Indus Valley Civilisation, Harappan Civilization: Current Perspective and its Contribution - By Dr. Vasant Shinde - AIS - American Institute of Sindhulogy, Indus Valley Civilization | SSC History Notes - ClicknCrack, Indus Valley Civilization - Ancient History Encyclopedia, Archaeologists confirm Indian civilization is 2000 years older than previously believed | Public Radio International, DNA could solve mystery of Indus Valley civilization - Business Insider, Expedition Magazine | The Mythical Massacre at Mohenjo-Daro, History of India-1: Pre-Historic, Indus Valley and Aryans, Harappa: Capital City of the Indus Civilization, Lost City of Mohenjo Daro, National Geographic, Manas: History and Politics, Indus Valley, Who were the Harappans? [5], There are mounds which rise 25 feet or even more above 6 PREHISTORIC CIVILIZATION OF THE INDUS VALLEY the suiroundings. [1] The Indus Valley civilisation may be even older than initially thought. 4. Terms & Conditions  | The geography of the Indus Valley put the civilizations that arose there in a highly similar situation to those in Egypt and Peru, with rich agricultural lands being surrounded by highlands, desert, and ocean. [3] [13] [5], It might be useful here to recapitulate the isolated finds of copper implements in Northern and Central India so as to help the future investigator in forging further links between the Indus Valley culture and the early copper age sites further east. An important site which is next only to Mohenjodaro in extent is near a village called Ali Murad which must have stood at an important junction where traffic from the main Indus valley passed through hills immediately to the west of Sind. [1] As the evidence stands, the civilization was succeeded in the Indus valley by poverty-stricken cultures, deriving a little from a sub-Indus heritage but also drawing elements from the direction of Iran and the Caucasus --from the general direction, in fact, of the northern invasions. D. Clay. [2] to the eighteenth century B.C.E. 1998 Ancient Cities of the Indus Valley Civilization. It is widely believed that most of the inhabitants of Indus Valley cities were tradespeople and artisans. [5] The nuclear dates of the civilization appear to be about 2500–1700 bce, though the southern sites may have lasted later into the 2nd millennium bce. [3] It is considered that they were active during 2900 BC to 1700 BC. 6. [13], While the Indus (or Harappan) civilization may be considered the culmination of a long process indigenous to the Indus valley, a number of parallels exist between developments on the Indus River and the rise of civilization in Mesopotamia. Copper and bronze. Hi readers, today our time machine takes us 5000 years back, to the Bronze Age, that is, "The Indus Valley Civilization" (IVC). They were not aware of iron metal. The Indus Valley Civilization was a cultural and political entity which flourished in the northern region of the Indian subcontinent between c. 7000 - c. 600 BCE. The Bronze Age village and urban societies of the Indus Valley are some-thing of an anomaly, in that archaeologists have found little indication of local defense and regional warfare. It covered an area of 1299600 sq. [4] Ans. The Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) is Chalcolithic or Bronze age civilization. in this portal there are two answer showing correct for this qn. A harp-like instrument depicted on an Indus seal and two shell objects from Lothal confirm that stringed musical instruments were in use in the ancient Indus Valley Civilization. Ans C. Copper and Bronze. [5] [23] You can check it in 8th class Text Book for KP. The cities of the Indus Valley Civilisation had "social hierarchies, their writing system, their large planned cities and their long-distance trade mark them to archaeologists as a full-fledged 'civilisation.'" Indus Valley Civilization belongs to Bronze Age only not to Metal Age or Neolithic Age. [12] Another equally important deity is the prototype of Siva, who can best be studied in a seal in which he appears as a figure seated cross-legged with the penis erectus and surrounded by the four typical animals of the Indus Valley, viz., the elephant, tiger, buffalo and rhinoceros (Plate Vl-d). [27][11] The Post-Harappan Phase shows renewed regionalisation, culminating in the integration of the Second Urbanisation of the Early Historic Period, starting ca. The seals show the culture and civilization of the Indus Valley people. The high quality of the pottery, along with hoards of gold and silver found at Indus Valley sites, suggests great the accumulation of great wealth. Explanation: Indus Valley civilization is also known as Harappan civilization. [4] Indus valley civilization is also known as Harappa culture since pattern of living in these cities resembles that of Harappa. [24] It is also called the Neolithic period. Ghazi Shah 2 10 PREHISTORIC CIVILIZATION OF THE INDUS VALLEY is another promising site near the Manchar Lake, where Mr. Majumdar discovered a number of important antiquities. According to Jean-Francois Jarrige, farming had an independent origin at Mehrgarh, despite the similarities which he notes between Neolithic sites from eastern Mesopotamia and the western Indus valley, which are evidence of a "cultural continuum" between those sites. In any case, the next period of ancient Indian history, the Vedic age, saw the rise of early Hinduism, from which all other Indian religious systems arose. [3] Indus Valley Civilization was one of the civilizations established during the Bronze Age around 3300 BCE. [6] Ans. Mehrgarh Period I belongs to this era. Ans. A possible natural reason for the IVC's decline is connected with climate change that is also signaled for the neighboring areas of the Middle East: The Indus valley climate grew significantly cooler and drier from about 1800 BCE, linked to a general weakening of the monsoon at that time. Painted pottery is comparatively less common in the Indus Valley, but the technique and designs found in the pottery of Mohenjodaro and Harappa are so distinctive that they offer one of the best means of distinguishing sites of this period from those of the historical period. Indus Valley sites have been found most often on rivers, but also on the ancient seacoast, for example, Balakot, and on islands, for example, Dholavira. 3. 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